Real-time Communications with WebRTC
Quarantines and working from home have made remote communication a necessity,
enabling billions of users to adapt to video calling. One of the video communication
applications that has increased in use and popularity with the Covid-19 pandemic is WebRTC. WebRTC is a completely free HTML5 specification. You can add real-time media
communications with WebRTC directly between the browser and devices, enabling audio and video communication to work on web pages. Moreover, it does this without the need to
install a browser add-on.
WebRTC is embedded in browsers as an open-source project, but you can pick it up and
adapt it for your own needs. WebRTC is available today in all modern browsers such as
Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Microsoft Edge. It is estimated that more than
one billion minutes and 500 terabytes of data are transferred each week, with WebRTC traffic
originating from browser communications alone. You can also take it and integrate it into an
app or embedded device without the need for a browser. You also get a vibrant and dynamic
ecosystem of commercial offerings from companies that help you build your products around WebRTC.
So how does WebRTC work?
WebRTC is an open-source and completely free project available in all modern browsers - for
commercial or private use. With the fact that it is a constantly developing technology, it gives
you the confidence of having a technology that will work for you for many years. This
advantage paves the way for the creation of new use cases and business models. Many
events such as large-scale webinars and live broadcasts are possible with WebRTC
But WebRTC is not limited to browsers only. It is also available for mobile applications thanks
to its portable source code and is already used in many mobile applications. It is possible to
run WebRTC anywhere with SDKs that will enable you to use it in both mobile and embedded
Internally, WebRTC is still mostly implemented using C/C++. However, most developers using
WebRTC will not need to delve deep into these layers to develop their applications.
With WebRTC, you can access your device's microphone, the camera on your phone or
laptop, or a screen. You can capture the image of the user and then have this screen shared
or recorded remotely. It enables live interactions, in real-time. WebRTC is not limited to audio
and video. It allows sending any arbitrary data.
WebRTC is quite powerful and versatile beyond voice or video calling. You can use it for
group search, adding records, or just data distribution. WebRTC takes the concept of a
communications service and reduces it to a feature within a different service type. Now you
can take it and add communications in the business processes you need within your application or business.