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Is Robotic Surgery Better Than Traditional Surgery?

Artificial intelligence technology, which drives and facilitates our lives in a positive way, is very important in the health sector. Even the best professors have a margin of error. In order to minimize these margin of error, the most common use of robotic surgery, which was first used in the field of cardiovascular surgery in 1994, is urology surgery. During the surgical intervention, all four arms of the robot are controlled simultaneously. Robotic surgeries with many advantages are used as a great solution to the missing and faulty aspects of the human hand. Let's examine the benefits of this technology, which medical centers make great investments in human health.

It is very important for doctors to perceive depth and to be sensitive and flexible during surgery. Doing this with bare hands and eyes can cause mistakes from time to time. It is possible to prevent these errors with robotic surgery, which can use even millimeter surgical instruments in the most accurate way. Many professors prefer traditional techniques because it shows the operation area more clearly. It can be used in surgeries belonging to many different specialties such as urology, gynecology, cardiovascular diseases, general surgery, otolaryngology.

The device provides 3D images from two different cameras. The 360 ​​° high resolution and the zoomed image are sent to the monitor under the control of the surgeon managing the surgery. Controlling the scale and settings of the robot is entirely up to the surgeon managing the console. So the control is not entirely on the computer. The assistant surgeon, who is close to the patient and intervenes in emergency situations, is responsible for controlling the patient until the operation is over.

Thus, the margin of error that can be experienced in surgery is reduced to the lowest possible level.

What are the advantages of robotic surgery?

  • It reduces the pain of the patient and prevents blood loss.

  • It heals patients faster.

  • Robotic arms can rotate at 720 degrees and do not vibrate.

  • Reduces scars and makes them less noticeable.

  • Minimizes the risk of doctor-induced infection.

  • It minimizes the risk of damage to veins and nerves.

  • The operation takes place under 10 times magnified and clearer image.

  • The patient's nutrition returns to normal faster than open surgery.

  • It is a more successful method in tumor operations compared to open surgery.

  • It does not require a large surgical incision as in open surgery. The process is done through small holes. Thus, the patient has a cleaner surgery.

  • It may shorten the duration of hospital stay after surgery.

  • Provides more maneuverability to the surgeon during the operation.

  • After the operation, the patient's nutrition and intestinal activities are returned to normal faster.

  • Helps the doctor to gain concentration by reducing the stress level in long-term operations.

  • Robotic arms prevent bladder sagging as they have the advantage of being able to sew fast within the body with their mobility. It prevents urinary incontinence that especially happens in women.

The number of surgeons and hospitals that prefer to perform surgery with the help of robotic devices is increasing day by day. It is estimated that the rate of robotic surgery performed increases by 25% every year. When these robotic arms are able to perform all surgical procedures and are adequately developed, they can even perform surgeries on their own, reducing the number of doctors in the future.

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